APPLICATION OF MEDICAL AND HYGIENIC AGENTS IN PREVENTION OF LAMENESS AND TREATMENT OF HOOF DISEASES IN COWS
Ключевые слова:cows, lameness, hoof diseases, functional trimming, foot baths, medical and hygienic products.
Despite the wide range of scientific research on the prevention of lameness and the treatment of hoof
diseases of cattle, production trials and implemented treatment methods (antibiotics, sulfonamides, enzymes,
immunomodulators, hormones, mud therapy, phyto, magneto, electrotherapy, etc.), many of them are insufficiently
effective, expensive, inaccessible or labor-intensive, therefore they cannot be used in dairy farms. The use of
antibacterial agents not only did not solve the problems existing in the industry, but also led to the emergence of
antibiotic-resistant microbial flora, which put forward new challenges for veterinary science and practice. Under the
influence of these preparations, many clinical symptoms and the clinical course of diseases have changed their
character, the microbial landscape has changed. Diseases of the hooves are accompanied by lameness and lodging, a
decrease in fatness, cows are not bulling for a long time, dryness increases, breeding bulls cannot be used in a
random company, which leads to economic damage, therefore the development of affordable and effective means of
preventing and treating diseases of hooves in cows is relevant in modern veterinary science and practice.
It was established that the treatment of hooves affected by digital dermatitis with medical and hygienic means
against the background of intramuscular injection of biological preparation to cows activates hematopoiesis.
We have tested the medical and hygienic product Espuarol-Gel with a dermatotropic effect and adhesive
properties to soft tissues and hooves based on the chelate complex of lanthanide salts in the prevention of lameness
and therapy of hoof diseases of cows. It was found that Espuarol-Gel has a more pronounced health-promoting effect
in comparison with previously tested agents: CuSO4, Solka, and Espuarol-Sin, providing a bactericidal effect on
causative agents of digital dermatitis, expressed in a decrease in the total group score for the state of the limbs, the
total lameness score and total diameter of lesions.
The scientific and practical justification of the practicability of the use of the Prevention-N-E biological
preparation in the system of measures for the prevention of lameness and treatment of hoof diseases in cows is given.
It was found that trimming the hooves of cows and treating them with CuSO4, Solka, Espuarol-Sin, and
Espuarol-Gel against the background of the intramuscular injection of the Prevention-N-E activates the
hematological profile of nonspecific resistance of the body, prevents gynecological diseases in the labor and
postpartum period implements reproductive and productive qualities.