IDENTIFICATION OF KAZAKH HORSES BY MICROSATELITE DNA USING MODERN ANALYTICAL METHODS
Ключевые слова:Kazakh horse, Aday offspring, genetic variability, inbreeding, heterozygosity, microsatellites.
Results of population and genetic structure on 17 microsatellite (MS) DNA loci of horses of the Aday
breed bred in the Republic of Kazakhstan are presented. The number of the general population (samples) was
Modern Kazakhstan population of the Kazakh horses of the Aday offspring is characterized by the following
population and genetic indicators: an average number of alleles (N) –7.17, the average heterozygosity (expected He)
–0.8226, average heterozygosity (expected, Ho) – 0.9180, the individual index of fixing (Fis) – 0.1171. 122 alleles
were identified, of them 122 informative alleles (with a frequency more than 0.01), private - 0 (with a frequency less
than 0.01) and effective - 99.29.