INVESTIGATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF POLYPHENOLIC SUBSTANCES OF THE JUICE FROM ARTICHOKE TUBERS

Авторы

  • Z. Tuleshova
  • G.I. Baigazieva
  • E. Askarbekov

Ключевые слова:

: jerusalem artichoke, chemical composition, nutritional value, polyphenolic substances

Аннотация

Currently, the growth of diseases with diabetes, metabolic disorders, and obesity increases the
demand for preventive and functional products. Currently available technologies for the production of preventive
products provide for the replacement of sugar with sugar substitutes or its complete absence, which naturally reduces
the nutritional and energy value of the products produced.
One of the main promising areas of the processing industry is the production of new products and sugar
substitutes based on non-traditional types of plant raw materials that have a rich carbohydrate complex in their
composition.
These types of raw materials among vegetable crops include jerusalem artichoke. Currently, jerusalem artichoke
juice is of particular interest for use in the production of soft drinks, as it has a rich chemical composition, which
makes Jerusalem artichoke indispensable in dietary nutrition, in the preparation of highly effective medicines.
In this article, the chemical composition of tubers and juice-semi-finished products from jerusalem artichoke is
investigated. The results of the studies showed that the bulk of the dry substances in jerusalem artichoke tubers are
carbohydrates, most of which are represented by fructosides. In the semi-finished juice passes: oligosaccharides
22.54 %, monosaccharides 1.61%, as well as part of the structural polysaccharides-fiber 0.07 %, pectin substances
1.84 %.
The change in the fractional composition of the polyphenolic substances of the pulp and semi - finished juice
was studied when the pulp was kept for 30 minutes. When developing the technology for the production of juices and
beverages based on jerusalem artichoke, it was found that the polyphenolic substances of jerusalem artichoke tubers
have a great influence on the technological properties of raw materials, the quality and nutritional value of the
finished product. It was found that the enzymatic process of oxidative transformation of polyphenols occurs as much
as possible in the first 5-10 minutes

Загрузки

Опубликован

2021-04-12