IMPROVING SENSORY AND QUALITY PROPERTIES OF YOGURTS FROM GOAT’S MILK

Авторы

  • А. А. Shunekeyeva
  • M. K. Alimardanova
  • A. A. Majorov
  • G. S. Yeszhanov
  • O. V. Koltyugina

Ключевые слова:

blackthorn fruits; cherry; goat milk; nutritional value; sensory properties; yogurt

Аннотация

Fermented milks, which are highly-consumed foods in the world and more nutritious compared to
milk, have high contents of proteins, minerals and vitamins. In general, the overall properties of yogurt, such as
acidity level, the production of aroma compounds as well as the sensory profile (appearance, color and texture), are
important traits which have a decisive role in consumer acceptance of products.
Goat milk yogurts were manufactured with the supplementation of 5% cherries, 5% blackthorn fruits, and 5%
mixture of two. Yogurts were characterized based on compositional, microbiological and safety properties of the
added fruit pulp and sensory analyses during storage (15 d at 5°C). Compared with control samples yogurt made by
using fruits and berries had higher protein content and sensory properties, but also higher acidity values. Goat milk
yogurts without additions, in particular, had better physical characteristics. Using supplements caused the changing
structure of yogurt, leading to higher syneresis values. Yogurt with mixed of two fillers was the best accepted among
the yogurts. For the parameters used, a mix of cherries and blackthorn has promising features as suitable ingredients
for goat milk yogurt manufacture.
The overall acceptability decreases when adding the non-roasted amaranth flour in a product. The main
weakness of this study was the paucity of size of our panel (10 people). With a small sample size, caution must be
applied, as the findings might not be transferable to show objective data

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Опубликован

2021-04-12