INVESTIGATION OF VACUUM-ATMOSPHERIC DRYING OF CAMEL AND MARE'S MILK
Ключевые слова:vacuum, drying, camel, mare, milk, method, atmospheric.
The relevant problem of dehydration of dairy products is a subject of research in this issue. Camel
and mare's milk are of interest in this regard. Actually, for these products energy-intensive methods of vacuum and
vacuum-sublimation drying are usually used, that is explained by high preservation of biochemical composition of
dried materials. It causes the problem of further study and improvement of various aspects of drying processes. A
method of vacuum-atmospheric drying of camel and mare's milk is proposed, based on their dehydration in a drying
plant where these processes are carried out in a parallel way. Combining processes should be based on the selection
of modes of the above-mentioned drying methods. Experimental studies of vacuum-atmospheric drying of camel and
mare's milk depending on pressure and temperature of heating the medium in the vacuum chamber, as well as the
speed and temperature of drying agent in the device for atmospheric drying have been conducted. Empirical
equations allowing describing quite adequately processes of heat and mass transfer at vacuum-atmospheric drying of
dairy products are received.