OPTIMIZATION OF THE SOLID FUEL COMBUSTION PROCESS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS IN ORDER TO REDUCE HARMFUL EMISSIONS

Авторы

  • P. Safarik Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Fluid Dynamics and Thermodynamics, Prague, Czech Republic
  • A.S. Askarova al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Physics and Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • S.A. Bolegenova al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Physics and Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • V.Yu. Maximov al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Physics and Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • A.O. Nugymanova al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Physics and Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Ключевые слова:

numerical simulation, solid fuel, combustion chamber, direct-flow and vortex methods of supplying air mixtures, velocity, temperature, nitrogen oxides.

Аннотация

The methods of numerical simulation are used to study the processes of heat and mass transfer in the
combustion chamber of an operating coal-burning Kazakhstan thermal power plant. Computational experiments were
performed on the combustion of high-ash Karaganda coal in the combustion chamber of the BKZ-75 boiler
(Shakhtinsk, Karaganda region). As a result of numerical simulation of the combustion processes, the distributions of
the total velocity vector, temperature fields, concentration fields of nitrogen oxides NO over the entire volume of the
combustion chamber and at its exit were obtained. A comparative analysis of the characteristics of heat and mass
transfer processes for the two studied modes of supplying fuel to the combustion chamber through burner devices is
given for the direct-flow method of supplying the mixture when the burners are located on opposite side walls and
the vortex method of supplying the mixture when the burners are installed at a 30-degree angle from the center of
symmetry of the boiler. It is shown that the vortex method of supplying air mixtures allows optimizing the
combustion of high-ash coal, since in this case there is an increase in temperature in the core of the torch and a
decrease in it at the exit from the combustion chamber, which has a significant effect on the chemical processes of
the formation of combustion products. The average value of the concentration of nitrogen oxide NO at the outlet of
the combustion chamber decreases when using burner devices with a swirl of the mixture flow and conforms to
norms the maximum permissible concentration.

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Опубликован

2019-12-12