DECLINE AND GROWTH FACTORS OF CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF KAZAKHSTAN COMPOSERS IN THE 1990-2000-IES
Ключевые слова:composers of Kazakhstan, Kazakh music of independence period, polystilistics in Kazakh music, intercultural interaction, state programs for culture.
Based on objective data (the number of works written in major genres), I reveal a wave of decline
and growth in the creative activity of Kazakhstan composers, which spanned two decades between 1990-ies and
2010-s. The article is devoted to an attempt to identify the external and internal causes of such statistics. The
influence of the historical situation and the transformations of the cultural and ideological plan on musical creativity
is analyzed. In my opinion,external factors affecting the creative activity of Kazakhstan composers are political
changes and the ideological transformations associated with them, economic downturns and ups, as well as a system
of intercultural interaction that is naturally transforming in the global world. A very indicative situation in the field of
musical theater, which can be extrapolated to other genre spheres. It demonstrates a decline throughout the second
half of the 1980s until the early 2000s.
Among the factors that influenced the growth of creative activity in the late 1990s and early 2000s, state
programs for the preservation of cultural heritage, new music festivals Nauryz-21, new technical capabilities (the
emergence of modern recording equipment and computers, informatization) should be mentioned, expanding the
scope of international and intercultural contacts. One of the most noticeable results of the activation of composer
creativity was the formation of Kazakhstan polystylistics, which is characterized by a multi-vector combination of
styles not only from different eras, but also from different musical and cultural traditions.