BLAST-WAVE IMPULSE COMPACTION OF THE VISCOELASTOPLASTIC MOLDING SAND
Ключевые слова:molding sand, compaction process, impulse, viscosity, elasticity.
This article examines the compaction process in the green molding sand by the explosive impulse of
combustion gas. The study was taken on a testing device based on the semi-automatic molding machine. The
dependence of mold density on impulse power and physical and mechanical properties of the sand has been found.
An explosion pressure wave drives the sand column in a flask. The sand moves gradually by layers. Each layer first
accelerates, then moves uniformly, decelerates and eventually stops. Here, the layer is compacted due to the kinetic
energy of its movement. The higher the velocity of the molding sand is, the higher its kinetic energy and the
compressive stress gained during the compaction, are. Fluidity of the molding sand depends on its physical and
mechanical properties, particularly on its viscosity. The behavior of viscous, elastic and plastic properties of the
molding sand during the compaction process has been researched using the self-designed device. During the
compaction process, the parameters interchange, while the value of the sum is constant. During the acceleration
phase, the molding sand has minimal elastic properties, the viscous properties recede and plastic properties enhance.
During the uniform motion of the sand, its viscous properties are minimal, while the plastic properties enhance to the
maximum. Then till the end of the process, viscous properties keep enhancing up to 80…90 %, while plastic
properties recede almost to zero. Elastic properties slightly enhance almost linearly during the whole process.