• Vovk Viktoriia Yakivna
  • Zhezherun Yuliіa Volodymyrivna
  • Kostohryz Viktoriia Hryhorivna

Ключевые слова:

small and medium-sized enterprises, bank lending, cooperative bank, macroeconomic indicators, lending conditions.


In the conditions of implementation of the European integration strategy of Ukraine, the issues of
forming competitive environment, creating additional jobs and reducing unemployment, increasing social and
economic protection of the population are of particular importance. That is why the promotion of small and mediumsized enterprises remains one of the priority directions of national and regional economic policy. SMEs are a form of
organization of activities that takes into account the interests of an individual, and forms conditions for improving his
(her) own well-being. The main criteria for assigning an enterprise to small and medium-sized businesses are the
number of employees for the reporting period and annual income. In addition, other (additional) criteria, such as the
balance sheet amount in Poland, may be used. The comparative analysis of the criteria for assigning enterprises to
small and medium-sized businesses indicates that the current Ukrainian legislation complies with the legal norms and
requirements of the legislation of European countries. The main sources of SME financing include the own funds of
business entities, loans from banking and non-banking institutions, as well as budget funds and resources from
international funds, organizations, etc. Summarizing and systematizing the experience of lending to small and
medium-sized enterprises in Ukraine and Poland shows that the following problems can be attributed to the main
ones that restrain banks: a high level of riskiness of SMEs (especially projects "from ground zero"), a low level of
transparency of economic activity of SMEs; lack of reliable collateral; low level of state support. The main problems
of SME-borrowers are the high cost of credit resources; complicated loan procedures; high requirements of banks for
providing loans, etc. That is why creating a supportive business environment for SMEs requires effective partnerships between government, community and business, in particular, development and implementation of state support
programs for SMEs, stimulating SMEs lending, attracting external investors, and using international SMEs support
experience. Complex implementation of these measures will promote socio-economic development and increase the
standard of living of the population.
The purpose of the article is to study the experience of lending to SMEs in Ukraine and Poland and to determine the possibilities of using foreign experience in the development of state and regional programs for support of
small and medium-sized enterprises in Ukraine.


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Как цитировать

Vovk Viktoriia Yakivna, Zhezherun Yuliіa Volodymyrivna, & Kostohryz Viktoriia Hryhorivna. (2019). BANK LENDING TO SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES: THE EXPERIENCE OF UKRAINE AND POLAND. Научный журнал «Вестник НАН РК», (2), 70–78. извлечено от